This article features the Prophet’s ﷺ advice on how to get the most from your time.
Time management is such an important topic in today’s fast-paced, hustle and bustle world. There just never seems to be enough time in the day to get everything done, so find hundreds of books and blog posts on the subject, not to mention the hundreds of strategies to help people manage their time better, like the famous GTD methodology for example.
This is why I decided to share my Fara’id (Islamic inheritance law) teacher’s advice from my days studying Islamic Law at Medina University in KSA. The bachelors degree program at Medina University is no joke; we study on average 8 subjects a term and 25 hours a week for 4 years, and a lot of students also try to take advantage of the many classes held every evening in the Prophet’s Masjid. So as you can imagine a lot of the students would complain about the work load. My teacher had a very simple piece of advice that he had derived from a hadith of the Prophet ﷺ.
It is reported in both Bukhari and Muslim that Fatimah (may Allah be pleased with her) complained to Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) about her heavy workload and told her that she wanted to get a maid to help her around the house. Aishah later informed the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ about his daughter’s struggles, so he went to visit her at her home. When he arrived he found that Fatimah and her husband Ali (may Allah be pleased with them both) had already retired to bed. They began to get up to show their respect, but he told them not to worry and he sat with them on their bed. He ﷺ said, “May I direct you to something better than what you have asked for? When you go to bed say ‘Allah akbar’ (God is great) thirty four times, ‘subhan Allah’ (glory to God) thirty three times, and ‘al-hamdu lillah’ (praise be to God) thirty three times, and that will be better for you than a maid.”
The take away that my teacher wanted us to learn was that the first step to managing one’s time, before seeking to organize it with a clever method or productivity app (or in our case pleading with the teacher not to give us another assignment), is first to seek Allah’s blessings for the time available using this simple act of remembrance, so that an hour may seem like so much more.
I found this piece of advice invaluable over the years for managing my long list of tasks at work and at home. I still use todo lists, calendars, productivity apps, etc, but first I always try to remember to perform this nightly ritual, because without the help and blessings from our Lord all of these things are inconsequential.
Our infrequent acts of good or bad do not define us. Rather we are what we do day-in day-out. Therefore, to be the best men we can be we must weed out the bad habits and cultivate the good.
Our character and our success in this life and the next depends largely on our habits: the things we do consistently day-in and day-out. It is not our random acts that define us; it is the small daily acts that make us who we are. For example, a generous person isn’t the one who one day decides to give $1000 to charity after a lifetime of miserliness. The generous person is the one who consistently gives a dollar a day. It is like the hadith of the Prophet ﷺ:
“Adhere to truth, for truth leads to good deeds and good deeds lead to Paradise, and if a man continues to speak the truth he will be recorded as honest before Allah. Beware of lying, for lying leads to wickedness and wickedness leads to the Hellfire, and if a man continues to lie he will be recorded as a liar before Allah.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
In other words, a person is considered honest or a liar if they consistently tell the truth or lie. Telling a lie once doesn’t make you a liar, even if it is a huge lie, but if you habitually lie, then this does make you a liar, even if they are only little “white” lies.
Another benefit we can derive from this hadith is that habits can be either positive or negative, so it is important to develop good habits and to avoid bad habits. In this next hadith the Prophet ﷺ describes how a bad habit develops over time:
“Indeed, when the slave (of Allah) commits a sin, a black spot appears on his heart. When he refrains from it, seeks forgiveness and repents, his heart is cleansed. But if he returns, it increases until it covers his entire heart. And that is the “stain” that Allah mentions: ‘Rather, their hearts have been stained by (the evil) they used to commit!’ (83:14)” (At-Tirmidhi)
Once a habit is formed it can be difficult to get rid of, and this is true of both good and bad habits as this second narration shows:
“…the result is that there will become two types of hearts: one white like a white stone which will not be harmed by any turmoil or temptation, so long as the heavens and the earth endure; and the other black and dust-coloured like a broken vessel, not recognizing what is good or rejecting what is abominable, only following its desires.” (Muslim)
Therefore, the goal for every Muslim should be to develop good habits and remove bad habits, as this is the only route to success in this life and the next.
So how are habits formed? As the ahadith above suggest, habits are formed by repetition of an act (e.g. sins) and a perceived reward from that act (e.g. fulfillment of abase desires). For example, a person has a habit of smoking when they are stressed and that helps them to relax. Over time this becomes a habit.
Charles Duhigg (author of The Power of Habit) breaks the habit into 3 parts: the cue, the routine, and the reward. He calls this the “habit loop”. In the smoking example, the cue is the stress, the routine is the smoking, and the reward is the feeling of relaxation. Knowing your habit loop can help to change the habit. Charles Duhigg lays out a number of steps to work out the habit loop and to change the habit:
Step 1: Identify the cue or trigger
When you feel the urge for your habit note down the time, the place, if anyone else is around, what you were just doing, and what emotion you are feeling at the time. Keep a diary of these 5 things, the one that stays the same every time is the cue.
Step 2: Identify the reward and the desire
The next step is to identify what craving is being satisfied by this habit. This is done by substituting the habit for other things to see if the craving is satisfied. For example, if you have a habit of drinking soda, the craving could be because you are thirsty, tired, or even bored. So to work out what the craving is you substitute your soda for water, or a coffee, or anything else that could possibly satisfy the craving, if the craving is gone after that then you know that that satisfies the craving. For example, instead of soda you drink some water. That didn’t take away the craving, so next time you take a walk. That did the trick so now you know that exercise also satisfies your craving.
Step 3: Create a new routine
Now that you have identified the cue and the reward you can create a new routine. To do this Charles Duhigg recommends you write down a plan, such as:
When cue , I will routine , because it provides me with reward .
Where it says “cue” you write the trigger that you identified in step 1. Where it says “routine” you write an activity that satisfies your craving. Where it says “reward” you write the craving that you identified in step 2.
For example, I have a bad habit of smoking at work. I did the first two steps and found that I always take a cigarette break whenever I start to get bored with my work and i find that if I take a coffee break with a colleague it satisfies the same craving as the cigarette break, so i make this new plan:
When I get bored at work, I will take a coffee break with a colleague, because it provides me with break from work and some time to socialize.
I write this on a post-it note and stick it on my computer where it can act as a reminder. After doing this for a week or two it should become a habit.
The habit loop can also be used to build good habits. We still use the cue-routine-reward loop, but in this case we will choose an action that we do every day that can act as our cue. For example, we choose as our cue waking up in the morning, or brushing our teeth, or breakfast, etc. The cue that we choose will become our reminder to perform the habit.
It is important to remember that the goal is consistency not quantity. In fact you want to start off with small actions so it is so easy you have no excuse to not do it. The Prophet ﷺ said:
“Take up good deeds only as much as you are able, for the best deeds are those done regularly even if they are few.” (Ibn Majah)
Finally, there should be a reward for completing the action, so remember to pat yourself on the back and congratulate yourself for getting it done. Also you should know why you are doing the action and remind yourself of that. For example, if your new habit is to exercise, then remind yourself of your reason for exercising, i.e. to lose weight, get fit, etc. It is important to know the reason or goal for this habit you are building, because if you are just doing it because people are telling you to you will not experience much of a reward or sense of satisfaction. For example, people keep telling you that you should pray every day; instead of just taking their word for it read the many hadith on why you should be praying everyday and write them down as a motivational reminder.
When you have your habit loop write it down in a plan and put it somewhere that you will see it. The following are some examples of a habit loop plans:
Every day after lunch, I will read Quran, because Allah will give me 10 rewards for every letter that I read.
As soon as my adhan app tells me the prayer is in, I will pray, because the 5 daily prayers wipe away sins, and is the first thing that will be brought to account on the Day of Judgement.
In this article I discuss how damaging procrastination can be for the Muslim man and how to beat it.
Procrastination: sacrificing long-term goals for immediate gratification.
Procrastination is without a doubt one of the most effective tools in the Shaytan’s arsenal. The whole premise of Islam is to postpone immediate gratification in the Dunya for the long-term pleasures of the Hereafter. So the intelligent Muslim man gives up the pleasures of alcohol, drugs, fornication, and gambling for the greater, longer-lasting pleasures of Jannah. Allah, the Most High, said:
“As for those who fear standing before their Lord and forbid their desires then Jannah will be their refuge.” (An-Nazi’aat:40-41)
So it is the job of the Shaytan, as every man’s enemy, to make him procrastinate on performing the actions that will bring him success in this life and the Hereafter and to tempt him with the pleasures of this life.
Procrastination effects us in the most important aspect of our lives: our jobs, our health, our families, and our worship. We delay our projects till we are missing deadlines. We make plans to go the gym that never materialize. We delay visiting family members until they are taken from us. We delay our salat until we miss the time to pray. And so on and so on.
Imagine the things we could achieve, and the men we could be if we did everything we planned to do. If we stopped letting the Shaytan and our desires get the better of us.
So how do we overcome the temptations of the Shaitan and resist our own desires to become more productive Muslim men?
Step 1: Ask Allah for help
As Muslims we know that without Allah’s help we cannot achieve anything on our own. Everything we do is by Allah’s permission, therefore we must first ask Allah for His aid and to make our affairs easy. The Prophet ﷺ used to make this powerful dua seeking refuge from laziness and inability that every man should memorize:
اللهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الهَمِّ وَالحَزنِ وَالعَجزِ وَالكَسَلِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الجُبنِ والبُخُلِ وَ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِن غَلَبَةِ الدَينِ وَقَهرَةِ الرِجَال
“O Allah, I seek refuge in You from anxiety and sorrow, inability and laziness, miserliness and cowardliness, the burden of debts and being over powered by men.” (Al-Bukhari)
The Prophet ﷺ would also make a habit of asking Allah to make his actions beneficial and worthwhile every day after praying Fajr, he would say:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أََسأَلُكَ عِلمًا نَافِعًا وَرِزقًا طَيِّبًا وَعَمَلًا مُتَقَبَّلًا
“O Allah, I ask you for knowledge that is beneficial, sustenance that is good, and actions that are accepted.”
Step 2: Begin the day right
Start your day by praying Fajr on time, preferably in the masjid if possible. How successful do you think your day is going to be waking up with the Shaytan’s pee in your ear! And whilst your at it don’t go back to sleep. The hours after Fajr are your best getting-things-done hours. These hours are full of barakah and before the time most people get up, so less distractions from kids, text messages, emails, etc.
Try it out if it isn’t already a part of your routine. You will be amazed at how much you can get done in this short period of time.
Step 3: Write it down
Write the things you want to get done in a to-do list or even better set a time and date for when you want to do it and record it in your calendar. Research shows that by simply writing the action down you can double the likelihood of you following through with that intention.
Step 4: Just get started
This may sound obvious, but the hardest part of any action is just getting started, so we have to make getting started as easy as possible. One way is to say “I’m just going to do this action for 5 minutes today.” For example, maybe you need to mow the lawn. It’s going to take at least half an hour, but you have been putting it off for days, so today you are just going to mow the lawn for 5 minutes. It’s easy to get started on a task that is only going to take 5 minutes. Once you get started most likely you will want to keep going until you are finished.
Or maybe you want to get into the habit of reading the Quran daily, so instead of setting a difficult goal you say I’m just going to read for 5 minutes. Even if you stop after 5 minutes it is still better than no minutes, and you can try and do 6 minutes tomorrow. After a few days it should become a habit and getting yourself to read Quran everyday should not be such a tough task.
Step 5: Pair things you hate doing with things you love
If you have a daily chore that you hate then pair it with something you love to do. For example, you hate doing the dishes, but you love to listen to a certain podcast, so whenever you do the dishes listen to your favorite podcast. You have an assignment to complete and you love doughnuts, so eat doughnuts whilst working on your assignment.
Feel free to let us know in the comments whether these steps were helpful for you, or if you have any other techniques you use to beat procrastination.
Saturday, September 30th, 2017 will be the day of Ashura, so here are 10 important points about this special day in the Islamic calendar.
Saturday, September 30th, 2017 will be the day of Ashura, so here are 10 important points about this special day in the Islamic calendar:
- The name of Ashura: Ashura (عاشوراء) is derived from the Arabic words عشرة which is the Arabic numbers 10, so Ashura means the 10th of Muharram.
- The history of Ashura: The 10th of Muharram is the day that Allah saved Musa and Bani Isra’il from the Pharaoh, so Musa (alaihi assalaam) fasted this day out of thanks and appreciation for Allah. It is also reported in Al-Bukhari that Quraish used to also fast this day prior to Islam. Historians differ over the reason Quraish used to fast on this day. Some say it is a remnant from the religion of Ibrahim (alaihi assalaam), which would suggest that this was a practice of many of the prophets. Ibn Hajar said it was because they were afflicted one year with a bad famine and then Allah sent them rain on Ashura, so they made it a day of fasting. Imam Ahmad also reported in his Musnad that Ashura was the day that Nuh’s (alaihi assalaam) boat landed on Mount Judi.
- The ruling for fasting on Ashura: Fasting Ashura is a Sunnah Mu’akaddah, meaning it is a sunnah that the Prophet ﷺ always performed.
- The ruling for someone that has make-up days left: Scholars differ over whether someone can fast Ashura if they have makeup days left over from Ramadan. Ibn Uthaymin and Ibn Baz believed that it is permissible to fast Ashura even if you have make up days. Ibn Uthaymin also said that a person can make their intention for both Ashura and a make-up day and that way the person can get the reward for Ashura whilst also making up a missed day from Ramadan.
- How to fast Ashura?: The Prophet ﷺ told us to fast Ashura, because this was the day the Jews used to fast out of thanks to Allah for saving Musa and his people from the Pharaoh and the Prophet ﷺ said, “We have more of a right to Musa.” So he told the Muslims to fast Ashura and then told them to also fast the day before or the day after as well to differentiate from the Jews.
- The ruling of fasting the day before Ashura and/or the day after: It is the sunnah to pray the day before and/or after Ashura, because the fasting of these days are connected to the fasting of Ashura and therefore share the same ruling.
- The levels of fasting: Ibn Al-Qayyim said the levels of fasting Ashura are as follows: 1. To fast Ashura with the day before and the day after; he believed this to be the highest level because it involves fasting more days whilst also fulfilling the fast of Ashura and differing from the worship of the Jews. 2. To fast Ashura with the day before or the day after to get the reward for fasting Ashura and the reward for fulfilling the requirement of differentiating from the worship of the Jews. 3. To fast Ashura only to get the reward for fasting that day.
- The excellence of fasting Ashura: The Prophet ﷺ used to always fast Ashura and he used to encourage the Sahabah to fast it and to tell their families to also fast on that day. Ibn Abbas said, “I never saw the Prophet ﷺ more serious about fasting a day for its excellence than this day, i.e. Ashura, and this month, i.e. Ramadan.” (An-Nasa’i). It is also reported in Sahih Muslim that Abu Qatadah said that the reward for fasting Ashura is forgiveness for the bad deeds of the previous year.
- Is it permissible to fast Ashura if it falls on a Saturday?: Some scholars believe it is not permissible to fast on Saturdays due to the hadith “Do not fast on Saturdays, except that which is made obligatory for you.”. However, the authenticity of this hadith was rejected by Imam Malik and others, and those who deemed it authentic either thought it was abrogated, or that the forbiddance was for singling Saturday out as a day of fasting (like Mondays and Thursdays), but as for fasting Ashura on Saturday then this is permissible according to the majority of scholars.
- Some made up hadith related to Ashura: The hadith that state that the heavens and earth were created on Ashura is made up. The ahadith that state that you should wear kohl, bathe or dye their hair with henna on Ashura are made up. That the reward for fasting Ashura is forgiveness for 60 years is made up. The ahadith that say you should treat your family or feed your family a special feast on Ashura are made up. The hadith that says that Adam sought forgiveness from Allah on Ashura; Nuh was saved from the flood on Ashura; Ibrahim was saved from the fire on Ashura; Yunus was removed from the belly of the whale on Ashura; and the Tawrah was revealed on Ashura, was also made up. All the ahadith that tell you to pray a certain amount of rak’ahs during a certain time on Ashura, reading certain ayat, and so on, are all made up. The ahadith that state that if you fast Ashura you get the reward of a thousand angels, or a thousand shaheed, or for feeding the whole ummah, and so on, are all made up.
You can’t please all the people all the time, but you can please Allah with worship and good deeds and the rewards from the Almighty are much more worthwhile.
A man, his wife, and their donkey were traveling through town on their way to the market. The man and his wife were both walking beside the donkey when someone shouted, “Look at these two fools! They have a donkey but they are not riding it. What’s the point of the donkey!?” Upon hearing this the man helped his wife on to the donkey and they carried on their journey. A while down the path they heard another person say, “Look at this man! Talk about whipped. His wife rides on the donkey like the Queen of Sheba while her tired, old husband has to walk alongside.” The wife didn’t like that so she told her husband to ride on the donkey whilst she walks for a bit. Then they passed by a lady and she said, “Look at this lazy man making his wife walk whilst he rides on the donkey. How lazy!” By now the husband and wife were a bit confused on what to do so they chatted for a while and decided that they should both ride the donkey together. So they carried on their way confident that nobody would have any further objections, but then they passed a group of people and they started muttering amongst themselves, “Look how they abuse that poor old donkey! How do they expect the donkey to carry them both!”
Moral of the Story: You can never please the people. No matter what you do someone will find fault with it. So what should we do? Instead of trying to please the people, instead change your focus to pleasing Allah, because Allah, the Most High, said:
“The enjoyment of (worldly) desires—women, children, treasures of gold and silver, fine horses, cattle, and fertile land—has been made appealing to people. These are the pleasures of this worldly life, but with Allah is the finest destination. Say (O Prophet), ‘Shall I inform you of what is better than all of this? Those mindful of their Lord will have Gardens under which rivers flow, to stay there forever, and pure spouses, and the pleasure of Allah.’ And Allah is All-Seeing of (His) slaves.” (Aali Imran:14-15)
And He, the Almighty said:
“As for those who believe and perform good deeds, then the Most Merciful will bestow upon them love.” (Maryam:96)
And this hadith of the Prophet ﷺ explains how that love will be bestowed upon them, he ﷺ said:
“If Allah, the Most High, loves (His) slave, He calls out to Jibril, ‘Indeed, Allah, the Most High, loves so and so, so love him.’ So Jibril will love him and he will call out to the people of the Heavens, ‘Indeed, Allah loves so and so, so love him’ So the people of the Heavens will love him, the Allah will place the acceptance (of his love) on the Earth.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
The way to achieve Allah’s love and pleasure is through obedience and acts of worship, Allah, said:
“Indeed, those who believe and do good—they are the best of (all) beings. Their reward with their Lord will be Gardens of Eternity, under which rivers flow, to stay there for ever and ever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. This is (only) for those in awe of their Lord.” (Al-Bayinah:8)
And the Prophet ﷺ said:
“Allah, the Most High, says, ‘My slave will continue to perform voluntary acts of worship until I love him, and if I love him then I will be his hearing that he hears with, his sight that he sees with, his hand with which he reaches out, and his legs with which he walks.’” (Al-Bukhari)
And sometimes pleasing Allah means that you will have to upset some of the people of the Dunya, even if those people are your closest relatives and friends. Allah said in the Quran:
“You will never find a people who truly believe in Allah and the Last Day who are loyal to those who oppose Allah and His Messenger even if they were their parents, children, siblings, or extended family. For those believers, Allah has instilled faith in their hearts and strengthened them with a spirit from Him. He will admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow, to stay there forever. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. They are the party of Allah. Indeed, Allah’s party is bound to succeed.” (Al-Mujadilah:22)
So do not despair at the critics criticising or the haters hating. These people cannot be pleased; they have a disease in their hearts that makes it impossible for them to be happy at the sight of someone working hard to succeed. Ubadah bin Samit reported that the Prophet ﷺ took an oath from a number of the Sahabah that they would stand for the truth where ever they are without fearing the blame of the blamers (Al-Bukhari).
The Muslim man knows his religion and practices what he knows with confidence. He is a man of principles and he unapologetically stands by those principles even when it is not the status quo or the popular opinion. The Prophet ﷺ said:
“The religion started off as strange and will return to being strange, so give glad tidings to the strangers.” (Muslim)
The popular opinion isn’t always the right one, but those who have the courage to stand by what is true and what is just will be loved and remembered for it in the long run, even if they are attacked and misunderstood at the time of their stand. Those who cowwer, apologise and seek to appease the critics will be dismissed and forgotten.
The Prophet and his followers were attacked and slandered for their beliefs only for his attackers and slanderers to then accept his teachings and embrace Islam within less than a decade.
Imam Ahmad was imprisoned and tortured because he refused to say that the Quran was created. Today he is remembered better than the rulers who imprisoned him, more than a thousand years after his death and his madhhab is followed by millions of Muslims worldwide.
Martin Luther King was attacked and criticized for standing up against the oppression of blacks in America only for him to become one of the most revered figures of American history.
Nelson Mandela was labeled a terrorist and was imprisoned only for him to go on to become the president of South Africa after his release.
Muhammad Ali was convicted, stripped of his boxing titles, and banned from boxing for 4 years because of his opposition to the Vietnam war and the white establishment only for him to become one of the most beloved and respected athletes of all time.
Stay true to your beliefs, don’t sacrifice your principles for the sake of acceptance, and don’t fear the blame of the blamers.
Eid Mubarak. This is a guide to help ensure you have a blessed Eid.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all creation, and may the prayers and blessings be upon our Prophet ﷺ, his family, and his companions.
Eid Al-Adha is almost upon us. May Allah accept all of our good deeds in these blessed days of Dhul Hijjah. The following are number of rulings and etiquettes of the second Eid in the Islamic calendar. I hope they are of benefit to all my noble brothers.
It is the sunnah to say the takbir out loud during the 10 days of Dhul Hijjah. There are two types of takbir:
- The general takbir: “Allah Akbar”
- The specific takbir: “Allah akbar, Allah akbar, la ilaha illallah, Allah akbar, Allah akbar, wa lillahil hamd”
The general takbir can be said at any time throughout the 10 days, and is in fact somewhat of a forgotten sunnah, as it is not very often practiced. It is reported that Umar and Ali as well as other companions would constantly say the takbir, the Shahada (la ilaha illallah), and the tahmid (al-hamdulillah) out loud wherever they were during the 10 days of Dhul Hijjah.
The specific takbir is to be said after every prayer starting from the Fajr prayer on the morning of the Day of Arafah (the 9th of Dhul Hijjah) until the Asr prayer on the third Day of At-Tashriq (the 13th of Dhul Hijjah), and on the way to the Eid prayer.
Ibn Uthaymin said that the takbir should be said immediately after the istighfar that is normally said after the prayer (i.e. after saying astaghfirullah, astaghfirullah, astaghfirullah, Allahumma antas Salam, wa minkas Salam, tabarakta ya dhal Jallalli wal Ikraam)
The specific takbir should be said out loud but not in unison with a group, as the scholars have declared this to be a bid’ah (innovation).
The Eid Prayer is Wajib (Obligatory)
The Prophet ﷺ commanded all the Muslims to attend the Eid prayer, including the women and even ordered the women who are on their menses to attend the prayer but not to pray.
The Eid Prayer is Performed Outside
It is the sunnah to perform the Eid prayer outside in an open area if the weather permits. Otherwise it is to be held in the masjid as usual.
Ghusl on the Day of Eid
It is the sunnah to perform a ghusl (washing of the whole body with intention) in the same manner that one would wash for janabah (impurity after sexual intercourse). The ghusl should be performed after the time for Fajr has entered. Some of the scholars believe that if performed before Fajr then it is not considered the Eid Ghusl, however some permit it before Fajr, because the time between Fajr and the Eid prayer is short. Therefore, if time permits one should strive to do the ghusl after the time for Fajr has entered.
Wearing Nice Clothes
It is the sunnah to wear your best clothes for the Eid prayer, without being too extravagant.
Fasting on the Day of Eid
It is not permissible to fast on the day of Eid.
Waiting to Eat After the Eid Prayer
The sunnah for Eid Al-Adha is to wait till after the prayer before you eat. This is the opposite to Eid Al-Fitr.
Walking to the Eid Musalla
It is the sunnah to walk to the Eid prayer and to take a different route on the way back from the prayer.
There Are No Voluntary Prayers at the Eid Musalla
Ibn Mas’ud informed us in an authentic hadith that no voluntary prayers should be prayed at the Eid musalla before the Eid prayer. If the prayer is held at a masjid however, it is permissible to pray the two rak’ahs for entering the masjid.
Missing the Eid Prayer or Some of It
If someone misses the Eid prayer then he should pray two rak’ahs in the same manner as the imam would pray the Eid prayer, including the extra takbirs. It is permissible to pray these two rak’ahs individually or in a group. If someone arrives late missing the first rak’ah, for example, then he should enter the prayer with the imam and follow him until the imam finishes then he should complete the second rak’ah with the additional takbirs. If someone misses some of the takbirs then he should complete the prayer with the imam and there is no need to repeat the takbirs that he missed.
Leaving Before the Khutbah
For the Eid prayer the khutbah takes place after the prayer, unlike the Jumuah prayer, and it is permissible to leave immediately after the prayer is complete without listening to the khutbah.
If the Day of Eid Falls on Jumuah
This year Eid Al-Adha will be on Jumuah, so what is the ruling pertaining to the Jumuah prayer? The Prophet ﷺ told us in an authentic hadith that if we pray the Eid prayer on a Friday then it is not obligatory to pray the Jumuah prayer. Instead one can pray the four rak’ahs for Dhuhr.
Taqaballallah minna wa minkum.
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